SPIDER

SPIDER (Heb. עַכָּבִישׁ, akkavish). Isaiah (59:5–6) compares the evil designs of those who plot against the righteous to the webs which the spider spins to trap insects, while Job (8:14–15) compares the house of the wicked to the spider's fragile web. There are hundreds of species of spider in Israel, all having poisonous glands in their maxillaries. The poison in most spiders is a mild one, but there are species capable of killing a bird or a mouse. It would appear that the akhshuv (Ps. 140:4) which is mentioned together with the snake as a poisonous animal is merely the akkavish with the letters transposed. The Tosefta (Par. 9:6) enumerates it among the species of spiders. Some erroneously identify the spider with the semamit (Prov. 30:28) which is the gecko . -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Lewysohn, Zool, 299–301, nos. 400 and 401; F.S. Bodenheimer, Animal and Man in Bible Lands (1960), 116, nos. 336–40; J. Feliks, Animal World of the Bible (1962), 135. (Jehuda Feliks)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Spider — Spi der, n.[OE. spi[thorn]re, fr. AS. spinnan to spin; so named from spinning its web; cf. D. spin a spider, G. spinne, Sw. spindel. See {Spin}.] 1. (Zo[ o]l.) Any one of numerous species of arachnids comprising the order Araneina. Spiders have… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • spider — [ spidɛr ] n. m. • 1877; mot angl. « araignée », à cause des hautes roues et des sièges surélevés ♦ Anciennt 1 ♦ Voiture hippomobile décapotable, à quatre roues, proche du phaéton. 2 ♦ (1930) Coffre aménagé à l arrière d un cabriolet automobile… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Spider — (englisch für „Spinne“) steht für: Alfa Romeo Spider, ein Cabriolet Spider Krater, ein Einschlagkrater in Westaustralien Spider (Film), Film von David Cronenberg WWW Suchprogramme, siehe Webcrawler Spider (Patience), Patience Variation, siehe… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • spider — O.E. spiþra, from P.Gmc. *spenthro (Cf. Dan. spinder), from *spenwanan to spin (see SPIN (Cf. spin)). The connection with the root is more transparent in other Germanic cognates (Cf. M.L.G., M.Du., M.H.G., Ger. spinne, Du. spin spider ). In… …   Etymology dictionary

  • spider — spíder s. n., pl. spídere Trimis de siveco, 10.08.2004. Sursa: Dicţionar ortografic  SPÍDER s.n. Loc amenajat într un automobil de sport, în spatele scaunelor, pentru a plasa bagaje sau, eventual, pasageri. [< fr. spider]. Trimis de… …   Dicționar Român

  • Spider —    Drame de David Cronenberg d après le roman de Patrick McGrath, avec Ralph Fiennes (Spider), Bradley Hall (Spider enfant), Gabriel Byrne (Bill), Miranda Richardson, Lynn Redgrave, John Neville.   Pays: Canada   Date de sortie: 2001   Technique …   Dictionnaire mondial des Films

  • spider — ► NOUN 1) an eight legged predatory arachnid with an unsegmented body consisting of a fused head and thorax and a rounded abdomen, most kinds of which spin webs in which to capture insects. 2) Billiards & Snooker a long legged rest for a cue that …   English terms dictionary

  • spider — spider, Also known as bot or crawler. A computer program or programs which seek out and collect information from publicly available websites. Such programs are used by search engines (such as Yahoo!, Google and AltaVista) to visit websites and… …   Law dictionary

  • Spider — (engl., spr. ßpaider, »Spinne«), vierräderiger, hochgebauter Selbstfahrer für Damen, mit bockartigem verdeckten Sitzplatz; Sepider Phaethon ohne Verdeck, Selbstfahrer für Herren …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Spider — Spider,der:⇨Kabrio[lett] …   Das Wörterbuch der Synonyme

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